1. Mangalore’s contribution to the growing economy of Karnataka
2. Infrastructure for industrial growth
3. The IT industry in Mangalore
4. Manufacturing and Petrochemical industry in the port city
5. Food processing in Mangalore- Labor-intensive industry.
6. Prospects for industries in Mangalore
The picturesque city of Mangalore is now bustling with activity. With tourism and IT Companies finding a base in the city, Mangalore is now slowly turning into one of the top business hubs in the country. Undoubtedly, Bangalore is the software capital of the country. However, with limited land space, IT companies are now looking to expand base in tier two cities like Mangalore, Mysore and Hubli. Mangalore has tremendous potential to be one of the leading business centers in the country. Adequate infrastructure, Cosmopolitan crowd and coastal benefits are just some of the factors that contribute to Mangalore’s growth potential.
One of the key factors that determine development in a city is the availability of good infrastructure facilities. When it comes to Infrastructure, Mangalore, being a coastal city, has top infrastructure solutions. The city is well connected through sea, railway and airways, making it a well accessible city. Import and export of material required for business growth are easier in a port city like Mangalore. Quoting the then Minister of Government of Karnataka 2013, Mr. Ramnath Rai said “Next to Bangalore, our city (Mangalore) has more potential in terms of IT sector growth. Earlier, it was a dream for us but now it is a reality. We have all facilities including connectivity like port, railways and airport which will help us in the smooth operation of this sector.” Since this date, several development activities have taken place in the port city of Mangalore. Whether it is IT or tourism, the city of Mangalore is now an important location on the map of India.
Port at Mangalore has been used as a trade gateway since ancient times. So much so, that even during the time of the Vijayanagar Empire, Arab traders had established a flourishing trade in silk and spices between Mangalore and West Asia. Over the years, trade through the Mangalore port increased from handling less than a lakh ton of traffic to more than 39 million tons during the financial year 2019-20. Some of the major commodities traded at the port are iron ore, cashew and coffee among other materials. Now, The New Mangalore Port Trust has been declared as one of the major ports of the country. Many international shipping companies have set up a base in Mangalore to facilitate trade between nations.
Also facilitating trade and improving business in the city is the Mangalore International Airport also known as Bajpe Airport. As of November 2020, the management of the Mangaluru International Airport was taken over by the Adani Group. The Government had privatized the airports at six locations in the country and the Adani group won the right to operate these airports for the next 50 years. The Mangalore International Airport is one of the busiest airports in Karnataka, connecting different cities in the country and connecting major cities in the middle east.
The Mangalore Railway station is one of the 5 central railways in the country. It connects many cities through Konkan Railways, South Western Railways and the Indian railways. Mangalore is now a centre for bustling business activities. Many manufacturing, IT, food processing and R&D companies have opened branches in Mangalore. Mangalore’s Economy has grown over the years contributing greatly to the overall positive economic growth of the country.
Top IT Companies in Mangalore
Mangalore Infosys Mangalore is well connected with top infrastructure facilities; several IT companies have set up offices in Mangalore. With appropriate Government support, Mangalore is now witnessing tremendous growth in terms of business and the development of software. Mangalore is now home to some of the world’s top technology based companies and manufacturing companies in the country. Mangalore is a base for several It companies.
These are just some of the IT companies that have branch offices in the city. Several other IT companies plan to invest in Mangalore city because of the adequate development facilities available. The IT Minister for the state in 2013, Mr. S.R Patil was quoted saying “Mangalore has the potential to become an IT hub and due importance will be provided by the state government.” In this regard, the Government is setting up IT parks around the city to facilitate the development of IT in Mangalore. The Kanara Chamber of Commerce and Industry is also working towards encouraging IT and manufacturing industries in the city. You May Also Like 8 Reasons Why Government Jobs Are the Best!
Top Manufacturing Companies in Mangalore
Apart from IT, Mangalore is also home to several manufacturing companies. These companies contribute greatly to the Mangalore economy.
These manufacturing companies have set a base in the city owing to the advantages the city provides. The city is also home to large petrochemicals and processing companies
One of the largest Special Economic Zones in the country is located in Mangalore-the ONGC. Other SEZ locations identified by the Government are located at Ganjimutt, Thumbay and Padubidri. Several manufacturing and processing units are situated in Baikampady, an industrial area in the city.
Banking and Finance Institutions Build the Economy
An economy cannot grow without good banking and financial infrastructure. Mangalore is home to several nationalised banks that have their traditional roots in the city.
Vijaya Bank [Now Merged With Bank of Baroda]
Corporation Bank [Now Merged With Union Bank of India]
Syndicate Bank [Now Merged With Canara Bank]
All these banks started in Mangalore with humble beginnings but now have emerged powerful financial institutions in the country.
Food Processing for Economy Boost
The food processing industry has made its mark in the city. Spices, condiments, cashews and bakery items all being manufactured in the city and transported all over the country and globally. Several spice industries have set up factories around the city. These spices are then sold all over the country. Mangalore has been home to the cashew industry since the Portuguese brought in the cashew plants from Brazil. Now, India is one of the largest exporters of Cashew nuts and Mangalore is the greatest contributor to this fact. The cashew industry is one of the reasons Mangalore is on the global map today. The cashew industry is an employment-driven industry, employing more than 5 lakh jobs in farms and factories. It is interesting to note that the cashew industry in India employs about 90% of women workers in factories. Therefore, the cashew industry in Mangalore boosts Mangalore’s GDP and the overall economy. These industries have generated employment in the city. Youth are now attracted to stay within the city, thereby contributing greatly to the youthful vibrant atmosphere in the city. With the youth of employable age staying within the city, Mangalore has now become a growing economy. Businesses have picked up pace in Mangalore over the past few years. The Government initiatives, private industrialists and the abundant employment opportunities have contributed to Mangalore turning into a business hub of the country.
All these developments in the city have contributed to Mangalore’s Gross Domestic Product. The GDP is a measure of the economic success in the country. In terms of cities in the country, Mangalore is one of the top ranks when it comes to GDP. Gross Domestic Product of Mangalore is the final value of goods and services produced within a specific period in the city. An economic survey of the State Government conducted in 2015-16 stated that Bangalore tops the Gross State Domestic Product (33.6%) followed by Dakshina Kannada (Mangalore) with 5.8%. The Per capita income, that is the average income per person within a year, is very high in Mangalore, only next to Karnataka’s capital city, Bangalore. The high per capita incomes reflect the booming economy in the city. An economic survey conducted in 2015-16 and published in The Hindu suggested that Mangalore and Udupi rank 2nd and 3rd after Bangalore in terms of the per capita income.
Looking Forward – Mangalore’s Industrial Progress
As of February 2020, The Confederation of Indian Industry has opened a Mangalore Chapter to drive industrial growth in the region. The Chairman of the Mangalore Chapter, Mr. K. Prakash Rao stated that the CII is looking to open 6 panels in the region. The first panel would concentrate on manufacturing excellence and MSMEs and other panels will look into finance, IT and start-ups. Mr. K. Prakash Rao also stated that the CII would promote industrial growth in Mangalore.
With Government promotional initiatives, infrastructure availability and youthful employment, there is an ease in running a business in Mangalore city. The city is becoming more industry and business-friendly. The city is open to the cosmopolitan crowd and has adapted itself to the influx of new people into the city. Mangalore is now a popular business and tourism hub.
I am a native Tulu speaker, born and brought up and also lived in Mangalore for more than 30 years until I get married. Currently I am living in USA for about 25 years with Kudla friends around and more emotionally attached to my native place Mangalore. I completed my schooling mostly in local Government Kannada Schools in undivided Dakshina Kannada districts of Mangalore and Udupi, including my High School. Though me and my friends spoke in Tulu, the teachers would instruct and scold us to speak in either Kannada or English in school premises. In the past (during my school days), the condition by teachers was set up in such a way that the Tuluvas would feel ashamed of their language. As time passed, my wife, wanted to talk only in Tulu after getting married to get fluency in Tulu speaking, mainly to talk to her grand parents and relatives in her Village who didn’t know Kannada or Hindi or English. Later being proud Tuluva parents, we taught Tulu language to my Son and Daughter as well who are currently living in America with us. Now both of them are very fluent in Tulu. So my children never had any communication issues whenever we go to Mangalore and while living in the village with their grand parents. In fact my son always want to dress up like local or village guy in panche/baniyan and he participated in ‘Kesaru Gadde’, ‘Aatidonj Dina’ programs as well during this summer vacation. No one could realize or believe that we were living in America from past 25 years, especially when we live like any common man in Mangalore with so much of attachment to Mangalore and to Tulunadu traditions. We being Tuluva parents are fortunate to teach our children Tuluva culture, Tuluva traditions and mostly cook Tulunadu food as well. My son loves Indian and Mangalorean cuisine very much. Idli, Dose, Pathrode, Samige, Pundi, Neer Dose, Kori Rotti, Kottige and Biriyani are some of his favorites. Tulunadu is like top of everything to me including my state/country. I would like to support joining the group of like minded people who want to seek a separate state for Tuluvas, separated from Karnataka state.
Yogish.com website is more of a guide to both teachers and students, though a student can practice and perfect the language. I am planning to give more of interactive courses, reading and handwriting skills in Tulu script and then YouTube videos as well to give basics of vocabulary, conversations, grammar etc. I would like to teach the Tulu language to those who want to know Tulunadu traditions, start business in Mangalore, Udupi and to all the seekers of Tulu language including the students/teachers. The experience and the good feeling that I am getting while drafting the website content is just awesome, it keeps me engaging with immense pleasure to learn more about Tulu and Tulu Nadu traditions. When we learn English/Kannada, though we learn about parts of speech (noun, pronoun, verb, grammar etc.), but we never remember them completely. But still, somewhere in the back of our mind, it helps in improving our English/Kannada languages as well while studying or finding the study materials for Tulu to develop this website. You can reach out to me through Contact Us menu in this website to provide your feedback or directly post your comments on Tulu classes. You can view our YouTube Channel Mangalore Link to view video regarding the Tulu classes and subscribe to YouTube channel to get latest lessons on Tulu language.